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These Bavarian pretzels are a very popular snack in Germany and perfect for your next Oktoberfest party! They taste delicious dipped in cheese sauce and are easy to make at home with simple ingredients. This authentic German Pretzel Recipe makes enough for a crowd as an appetizer.

A pretzel leaning against a bread basket, containing more pretzels with a white and blue dish towel in the background.

Pretzels are probably one of the most famous German baked goods! Making them at home is much easier than it seems if you follow my tips and tricks. They make a great snack with a layer of butter but also taste great the American-way dipped in cheese sauce or mustard!

German soft pretzels, called Brezeln or Brezen in Germany, are soft inside with a bread-like chewy texture and have a deep brown outside that comes from bathing in a lye or baking soda solution before baking. Bakeries use lye but using it at home can be dangerous because it burns skin and eyes so baking soda is a much safer way to achieve nearly the same results without the risk.

How to make German Pretzels

Homemade pretzels are so easy to make from scratch and taste like from your favorite German bakery. The dough is a simple yeast dough, that is shaped into pretzels, dipped into lye or baking soda, sprinkled with salt and baked to a golden brown.

Three pretzels on parchment paper.

How do you twist a pretzel

German pretzels are shaped a little bit different than American soft pretzels. The middle part is thicker and the ends thin out so that you have a really defined pretzel shape with three holes that doesn’t bake up into a big shapeless bun.

Start with a piece of dough and use your hands to roll it into a 16-inch long rope. The middle part should bulge to a diameter of about 1.2 inches (3 cm) and the ends should be thinned out to about 0.3 inches (0.75 cm) to get the perfect pretzel shape.

Pretzel dough rolled into a long sausage shape with a thick middle part on a silicon baking mat.Pretzel dough, after being twisted, is folded over, to press both ends of the sausage into the thick part of the dough, making the pretzel shape.

Next step is to bring the ends together to form a circle and then twist them.

Pretzel dough, after being shaped into a sausage shape, laid out into a ribbon shape on a silicon baking mat.

Twist them again.

Pretzel dough laid out into a ribbon and twisted around the point of contact once on a silicon baking mat.

And then fold them over and secure the ends on the bottom curve. Just press them into the dough. Transfer the shaped pretzels to a sheet of parchment paper and readjust the shape so they look like in the photo below.

Let them rise for about 30 minutes in a warm place but don’t cover them! You want the surface of the dough to dry out to get the perfect texture and prevent it from soaking up the baking soda (or lye) wash. When the pretzels have risen place them next to an opened window or outside for a few minutes so the surface dries out even more because of the breeze. You can also use a fan to achieve the same result.

Four pretzels on parchment paper before baking.

Now comes the step which gives the pretzels their famous brown look. Bakeries use a lye solution for this but working with lye is a bit dangerous. You would need gloves, protective goggles, and try not to get the powder anywhere. Because of that I much prefer to use baking soda.

It doesn’t work as effectively as lye and the pretzels will be a bit paler and not as shiny but in my opinion, they taste close enough to the original without the added risk. Following all the steps in my recipe will get you the same special texture authentic Bavarian pretzels have. That is also why my recipe uses part milk, part water. The milk helps to develop a browner surface.

After dipping the pretzels into the water bath put them back on the parchment paper and sprinkle them with salt. I have to admit I hate salt on my pretzels so I only use it very sparingly or not at all.

Before they go into the oven slash each pretzel with a sharp knife in the chunky middle part. This gives them the real-deal bavarian pretzel look!

Three pretzels on a dark blue surface.

Best ways to eat pretzels

In Germany, pretzels are often eaten as a quick snack. You can get them at every bakery and even at many service stations. Germans also love to eat their pretzels cut in half with a thick layer of butter and chopped chives on top. You have to try this combination!

Pretzels are also served with a Weißwurstfrühstück. That’s a special breakfast that’s popular in Bavaria but especially in Munich. It consists of a kind of white sausage that is served with pretzels and sweet coarse mustard. Sounds a little bit gross but tastes so delicious!

Not so fresh pretzels are also used as an ingredient for soup and pretzel dumplings.

Looking for more German Recipes?

Close-up of a pretzel leaning against a folded white and blue towel, with more pretzels in the background.

Tools used for making this Pretzel recipe:

Malt Extract: Malt extract adds sweetness and flavor. If you don’t have any on hand you can also use brown sugar to achieve a similar taste.
Lye: This food-grade lye (Sodium Hydroxide) is traditionally used to make pretzels, but you have to be very careful when using it because it is dangerous (you can also use it as a drain cleaner). I prefer using baking soda even so the result is not as great (not as deeply colored) but the pretzels taste like the real deal without the danger.



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4.75 from 24 votes

Bavarian Pretzels Recipe

These Bavarian pretzels are a very popular snack in Germany and perfect for your next Oktoberfest party! They taste delicious dipped in cheese sauce and are easy to make at home with simple ingredients. This authentic German Pretzel Recipe makes enough for a crowd as an appetizer.
Prep Time: 2 hours
Cook Time: 20 minutes
Total Time: 2 hours 20 minutes
Servings: 8


For the pretzels:

  • 3/4 cup milk, lukewarm
  • 1/2 cup water, lukewarm
  • 1 1/2 tsp brown sugar, or malt extract
  • 2 1/2 tsp instant yeast, or active dry yeast
  • 3 Tbsp unsalted butter, melted
  • 4 cups all-purpose flour
  • 2 tsp table salt

For the bath:

  • 4 cups water
  • 3 Tbsp baking soda


  • 2 Tbsp coarse salt


  • In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook attachment combine lukewarm milk, water, and brown sugar. Stir together with a fork then sprinkle instant (or active dry) yeast on top. Give it a swirl with the fork and let sit for about 5 minutes until foamy.
  • In the meantime melt the butter over low heat, then let cool for a few minutes.
  • Add flour, melted butter, and salt to the bowl with the yeast and knead for 5 minutes until the dough is smooth and elastic. Cover bowl with plastic wrap put it in a warm place and let the dough rise until doubled (about 1 hour).
  • Punch down the dough and divide it into 8 equally sized pieces. Roll each piece into a 16-inch (40cm) long rope, the middle part (about 2 inches or 5 cm) should be bulged to a diameter of about 1.2 inches and the ends should be thinned out to about 0.3 inches (0.75 cm).
  • Bring the ends together so the dough forms a circle. Twist the ends together twice then fold them down onto the bottom curve. Press ends into the dough and shape into a perfect pretzel shape.
  • Let the pretzels rise uncovered for 30 minutes in a warm place.
  • In the meantime preheat the oven to 390°F (200°C) with a baking sheet inside in the lower third.
  • Once the pretzels have risen, put them next to an opened window so the surface dries out and the pretzels develop a skin. This step is important for the texture.
  • Bring 4 cups water in a medium pot to a boil then add the baking soda. With a slotted spoon dip the pretzels one at a time carefully into the simmering water.
  • Take them out after about 5 seconds and place on a sheet of parchment paper.
  • Sprinkle with a little bit of salt and cut the dough with a sharp knife about 0.2 inches deep in the thick middle part at the top-back.
  • Transfer the parchment paper with the pretzels onto the hot baking sheet in the oven and bake for 18-20 minutes until nicely browned. You want them to be really brown and not golden.
  • Remove pretzels from the oven and let cool on a wire rack. If you want them to be shiny brush them with a little bit of melted butter.


Recipe updated 05/19/2020 (Amount of milk increased after reader feedback)


Calories: 225kcal | Carbohydrates: 39g | Protein: 5g | Fat: 4g | Saturated Fat: 2g | Cholesterol: 10mg | Sodium: 2888mg | Potassium: 79mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 1g | Vitamin A: 125IU | Calcium: 25mg | Iron: 2.3mg
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About Julia Foerster

Hi, I'm Julia! Born in Germany, I call Canada now my home and love to share my favorite dishes with you! Here you'll find hundreds of recipes, all made from scratch, with lots of tips and detailed step-by-step instructions.

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4.75 from 24 votes (8 ratings without comment)

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  1. 5 stars
    I LOVE this recipe! I have been making them about 4x a week so far since I came across the recipe. I’m actually about to make some again today because they’re so good. Definitely the best I’ve found and easy to make too! Thank you for posting the recipe!!

  2. 5 stars
    Thank YOU!!
    I tried these yesterday and I am so grateful to have found a recipe that doesn’t require fresh yeast nor does it require lye, which are two ingredients that I find extremely difficult to find in the US.
    I grew up and lived in Germany for 23 years and find it funny that there are a few comments criticising the colour of these. These are traditional! Yes, there may be some Brezeln that are darker, but if you have eaten as many Brezeln as me, you will realise that Brezeln can vary from bakery to bakery. These types were always my favourite, a combination of doughy and crispy, if you roll the ends thin enough.

    I live at a higher elevation and had to adjust the time a little for my proofing. But the recipe was easy to follow and for me these will definitely be my go-to from now on!

  3. Hello;
    Thd pretzels came out great, but looked like a knotters mess. I didn’t look at your pictures, just followed the directions They mistakenly said to twist the ends twice, this gives the not a 360 twist. After realizing there was an issue i looked and saw that there is only a 180 turn in the knot. Yes it is a bit of a minor thing for taste, but not so minor for the look.

    Thank you fod the recepie Everyone liked the taste and the knot was a great conversation starter.